Do famous experiments performed by parapsychologists prove beyond doubt that telepathy and precognition are scientific fact?
Horizon sifts the evidence for and against the existence of such occult phenomena, and invites viewers to participate in an experiment. In the minds of many people the word hypnosis conjures up visions of the supernatural, of loss of will-power and self-control. Is this true, and what are the potential dangers, if any? Horizon attempts to clarify the misconceptions and confusions surrounding this emotive subject and investigates some of its present-day uses in medicine. Tonight's programme includes film of a Caesarean operation in which the mother was helped by hypnosis used in conjunction with a general anesthetic - probably for the first time in Britain.
During the human struggles between the British and German air forces there was a secret war whose battles were lost or won unknown to the public. From to Allied and Axis scientists threw their weight into the war knowing that their influence would have enormous consequences for mankind. The secret battles for air supremacy, the inventions, the measures and the countermeasures are part of a story which scientists tell in tonight's programme.
A wee dram of C A Scottish chemist has recently thought up an unusual application for Scotch whisky: as a measure of radioactive carbon 14 in the atmosphere-including that produced by thermonuclear bomb-testing.
One over the eighty: In two weeks' time it will be a criminal offence to have more than eighty milligrams of alcohol per hundred millilitres of blood while in charge of a motor car. What does this level mean? How will the scientific analyses be carried out? Only in recent years have we had the techniques to investigate the depths of the oceans.
But we are ill-adapted for this new conquest; to us it is a hostile environment. Under water we are inefficient and inadequate compared with the giant fish and the sea mammals whose world it is.
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Horizon looks at how scientists are helping men enter this new world. Titian's painting Bacchus and Ariadne is said to be worth between 12 million and million and is urgently in need of repair. How does a modern restorer set about preserving for a few more centuries a year-old masterpiece? The worst crash in aviation history killed people. In the next decade, jet airliners will carry up to five hundred passengers and fly faster than sound. Their airframes and engines will be tested to the most extreme safety limits.
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But what of the pilot who will fly these planes? Will we be able to test his ability in this critical job in a comparable fashion? An extraordinary film shows the hazardous existence of a caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa , but the wake of destruction it leaves behind in its struggle for survival has forced French biologists to declare war on the species. What were the processes of creativity taking place in the mind of an Einstein formulating relativity?
Or of a Shakespeare composing a sonnet? Can experiments on rats or monkeys tell us anything about human behaviour in science and art? Arthur Koestler takes a critical look at some theories of human creativity and puts his own views. An American ex-bell boy, Ted Serios claims to be able to project his thoughts on to film and TV cameras. For five years he has worked with a reputable psychiatrist, and academic staff of Denver University, who believe the phenomenon is genuine; undoubtedly pictures are produced.
For two days in the U. Is this a case for science to take seriously? Or is he a trickster?
Some enchanting questions for enquiring minds asked by Professor Julius Sumner Miller on walking toys, singing toys, swimming toys, flying toys. Do you own a toy? Did you ever own a toy? Then Julius "Walt Disney called me a genius" Sumner Miller can provide a few scientific questions to worry you with.
Portrait of Professor Sir John Baker one of this country's most distinguished engineers. It traces his career from his early work on airships in the s, on air-raid shelter design during the war, to his present-day influence on young engineers in his department at Cambridge. Each year In Britain thousands of strays are destroyed-yet medical research is desperately short of experimental animals.
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Some American doctors argue that our research is held back by a lack of suitable animals. Is this true? How necessary is vivisection? Is it cruel?
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Could research still be done without the laboratory animal? Horizon reports from America and Britain on the antivivisection lobby and the medical research that many argue would be impossible without the use of "man's best friends". In England addicts get their heroin, and often cocaine, on the National Health Service: our system has prevented the growth of a drug-based criminal world, but Americans say that our system only worked when we did not have a serious addiction problem. Now we do. Does our present system make It too easy for the casual drug experimenter to become a hard-core addict?
Is there anything we can learn from the American situation?
Horizon , with the guidance of a British psychiatrist, looks at some of the lessons which treatment centres in the U. The family car is the proudest possession of twentieth-century, town-dwelling man, but we cannot fit it smoothly into our expanding cities. Professor Colin Buchanan shows the overwhelming importance of this gap In town-planning and points to a future that could be liberated by the motor vehicle, or strangled by it.
The Washkansky heart transplant triggered enormous public concern for the ethics of "interference" with the human body. But we are at the beginning of a biological revolution where events are bypassing or out-dating today's moral problems. Just how much can we hope to add usefully to the human body? Could a limb or even a brain be transplanted? Can organs be stored so that the life of one man is not dependent on the death of another?. We grow up with the attitude that happiness should be ours by right and when we don't get it we feel personally singled out for ill-treatment.
Our cry of anguish is "Why does this happen to me and why are all the others getting this bliss? A personal view by an eminent social psychiatrist of the pleasures and problems of life in Britain in in comparison with a very different culture he knows intimately-Hindu village life in Northern India. He looks at some of our deeply rooted beliefs and how they affect our behaviour towards among other things, bereavement, sex, happiness and old-age; and at some of our growing social problems such as the rapidly increasing phenomenon of attempted suicide.
In Britain the crime of murder, the most serious of crimes, leads to the most serious punishment. The investigation of murder and the presentation of evidence always demands the utmost care in proving a man's guilt "beyond all reasonable doubt" for his liberty will depend on it. The certainty and ingenuity of science is helping more and more to establish the outcome of a case. The scientifically trained detective at the scene of the crime, the pathologist in the mortuary, and the biochemist in the laboratory can each supply the piece of the jigsaw that solves the crime, and often a routine scientific test can establish guilt more decisively than half a dozen eye-witnesses.
Narrated by Christopher Chataway , the episode covered the achievements and failures of Churchill 's war-time science advisor Professor Frederick Lindemann. Many farmers think the future lies in the factory farm. This means keeping animals permanently indoors where they can be made to turn food into flesh far more quickly than out in the fields.
It has worked with chickens and now it looks like the turn of other animals.
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Do these methods really work? Do the animals suffer? Horizon looks at some changes that are taking place on the farm. Alex Comfort one of looks into the age-old quest to prolong human life and investigates the latest scientific theories. What is the process taking place in our body that makes us age?
Is ageing a kind of clock-mechanism that could be slowed down and how? Can the social scientist do something to change this attitude which leads to our frightening negligence towards old people? Can the biologist-and the British biologist in particular, do something to make our lives longer? Rocketry, electronics, and nuclear bombs have radically changed the outward face of war. Robot missiles automatically seek and destroy their targets while 1,mph strike planes hedge-hop on radar guidance.
But behind the battlefield is a huge sub-structure of research, where a computer can solve tactical problems in seconds, or a new weapon destroy military principles overnight, how far are Britain's defence policies governed by the work of her secret army of scientists on the weapons and techniques of tomorrow? Narrated by Christopher Chataway , the episode covered the methods of psychiatric therapist, Irene Kassorla .
A surprising number of children, bright, perceptive, and apparently normal, seem unable to comprehend language. To some, writing is meaningless and they can never decipher words or numbers.